Handwritten, extensively annotated map of Central Africa showing lakes and rivers; includes text labeled “Note Bin Habib.”

One More Voice


Lost Voices from the British Empire's Archives

Bibliography: Primary, Contextual, and Critical Sources



Overview  top

The following bibliography compiles primary, contextual, and critical sources related to the One More Voice project. The bibliography is by no means exhaustive. If you know of additional sources we should include, please email us. Users may also want to consult Livingstone Online’s more general, but comprehensive bibliography.

Primary Sources mainly date to the nineteenth-century, include print and manuscript sources, and fall into one of two categories:

  1. Authored (broadly defined) by the historical figures that form the focus of our project; and
  2. Inclusive of reported speech and/or other summarized data from these historical figures.

Names and other information in square brackets have been supplied. The form of attribution used to identify authors of and contributors to the primary sources will continue to evolve as our project evolves.

Contextual Sources also mainly date to the nineteenth-century and include print and manuscript sources. These sources are presented in a separate section, however, because the sources provide useful contemporary information about the figures taken up by the One More Voice project. Each source includes a brief gloss (in italics) that indicates its relevant subject matter.

Critical Sources discuss relevant historical figures individually and in general and/or take up issues related to the study of relevant materials. The boundary between primary and critical sources can be gray as, for instance, some critical sources include critically-edited primary materials.

Site Illustrations are images that have been used to illustrate the One More Voice project site. These appear at the top of site pages.

Primary sources  top

Aga, Selim. 1846. Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga. Aberdeen: W. Bennett, Printer.

———. 1864. “Original Correspondence: West Africa.” Anti-Slavery Reporter, February 1, 1864.

———. 1875. “A Trip Up the Congo or Zaire River.” Geographical Magazine, July, 203–7.

———. 2003. Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga, A Native of Central Africa. Edited by Apex Data Services, Inc. and Elizabeth S. Wright. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

———. 2006a. “A Trip Up the Congo or Zaire River.” In Selim Aga: A Slave Odyssey, edited by James McCarthy, 229–39. Edinburgh: Luath Press Limited.

———. 2006b. “Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga.” In Selim Aga: A Slave Odyssey, edited by James McCarthy, 201–28. Edinburgh: Luath Press Limited.

Anon., and [Selim Aga]. 1858a. “The Niger Expedition.” The Preston Chronicle and Lancashire Advertiser, September 25, 1858.

———. 1858b. “The Niger Expedition.” Royal Cornwall Gazette, October 1, 1858.

Anon., and [Mosheh]. 1856. “The Cape of Good Hope.” The Times, January 22, 1856.

Anon., and [Tippo Tip]. 1887a. “Tippoo Tib.” The Times, May 17, 1887.

———. 1887b. “Tippoo Tib.” The Times, May 27, 1887.

Anon., and [Jacob Wainwright]. 1900. “A Relic of Dr. Livingstone.” The Times, April 26, 1900.

[Baptista, P.J.], and [Amaro José]. 1873. “Journey of the Pombeiros: P. J. Baptista and Amaro José, Across Africa from Angola to Tette on the Zambeze.” In The Lands of Cazembe: Lacerda’s Journey to Cazembe in 1798, by Richard Francis Burton, translated by B.A. Beadle, 165–244. London: John Murray.

Bokwala. 1910. Bokwala: The Story of a Congo Victim. London: The Religious Tract Society. Also see the PDF published by One More Voice.

[British] Government, and [Said Bin Habeeb]. 1860. “Narrative of Said Bin Habeeb, An Arab Inhabitant of Zanzibar, 31 May 1860.” Transactions of the Bombay Geographical Society 15: 146–48. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Bontinck, François. 1977. “Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright.” Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 32 (3): 399–434.

———. 1978. “Encore Sur Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright: Corrigenda.” Africa: Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 33 (4): 603–4.

Bontinck, François, and Koen Janssen, eds and trans. 1974. L’Autobiographie de Hamed Ben Mohammed El-Murjebi Tippo Tip (ca. 1840-1905). Brussels: Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen.

Botha, Andries. 1850. “Letter to [Harry Smith]. 23 June 1850.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 25/File 4/Jacket B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Bridges, Roy C., ed. 2007. “‘A Dangerous and Toilsome Journey.’ Jacob Wainwright’s Diary of the Transportation of Dr Livingstone’s Body to the Coast, 4 May 1873 to 18 February 1874.” In Four Travel Journals / The Americas, Antarctica and Africa / 1775-1874, 329–84. London: Hakluyt Society.

Dorugu. 1971. “The Life and Travels of Dorugu.” In West African Travels and Adventures: Two Autobiographical Narratives from West Africa, edited by Anthony Kirk-Greene and Paul Newman, translated by Paul Newman, 27–129. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press.

Farar, Carras, and Matthew Wellington. 1965. “David Livingstone: Two Accounts of His Death and Transportation of His Body to the Coast [Comprising] Carras Farar’s Story of the Finding of Dr. Livingstone in Central Africa [and] Account of the Life of Matthew Wellington in His Own Words, and the Death of David Livingstone and the Journey to the Coast.” Zambia Journal 6: 95–102.

Hemedi Bin Abdallah el-Buhriy. 1960. Utenzi Wa Vita Vya Wadachi Kutamalaki Mrima, 1307 A.H. The German Conquest of the Swahili Coast, 1891 A.D. Translated by J.W.T. Allen. Dar es Salaam: East African Literature Bureau.

Hendrickze, Hendrick. 1843. “Letter to John Philip. 18 April 1843.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 19/File 1/Jacket D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Holmwood, F., and [Majwara]. 1873. “Majwara’s Account of the Last Journey and Death of Dr. Livingstone.” Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18 (3): 244–46.

Kok, Adam. 1843. “Letter to James Read. April 1843.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 19/File 1/Jacket D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Livingstone, David, and Jacob Wainwright. 2020. “Field Diary XVII. 9 April-28 April 1873.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Livingstone, David, and Sechele. 2020. “Letter to Robert Moffat 1 with Speech. [October 1852].” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

MacQueen, James, [Lief Ben Saeid], and [Thomas Wogga]. 1845. “Notes on African Geography.” Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 15: 371–76. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Maimaina of Jega. 1971. “The Story of Maimaina of Jega, Chief of Askira, As Told by Himself.” In West African Travels and Adventures: Two Autobiographical Narratives from West Africa, edited by Anthony Kirk-Greene and Paul Newman, translated by Anthony Kirk-Greene, 131–201. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press.

Mukasa, Ham. 1904. Uganda’s Katikiro in England. Edited and translated by Ernest Millar. London: Hutchinson & Co. Also see the PDF published by One More Voice.

Nkosi, Ncwadi. 1894. “Letter from an African Chief.” Pictorial Missionary News 28 (6): 93.

Read, James Jr. 1838. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society. 1838.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 16A/File 2/Jacket C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

———. 1842. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society. 1842.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 18B/File 5/Jacket C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

———. 1850. “Letter to J.J. Freeman. 23 May 1850.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 25/File 3/Jacket D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

[Read, James Jr.]. 1850. “Enclosures to James Read. 20 June 1850.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 25/File 4/Jacket B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Saleh Bin Osman. 1891. “The Story of My Life.” Translated by [E. J. Glave]. St. Nicholas: An Illustrated Magazine for Young Folks, 18 (2): 795–98.. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 2020. “Testimony. 12 November 1890.” Translated by Edward J. Glave. In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Stone, Benjamin; [Apolo Kagwa] 1906. “The Katikiro of Uganda and His Secretary.” In Sir Benjamin Stone’s Pictures: Records of National Life and History, 2:74. London; Paris; New York; Melbourne: Cassell and Company, Limited. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Thomas, H. B., and [Carus Farrar]. 1950. “The Death of Dr. Livingstone: Carus Farrar’s Narrative.” Uganda Journal 14 (2): 115–28.

[Tippo Tip]. 1958. “Maisha Ya Hamed Bin Muhammed El Murjebi Yaani Tippu Tip: Kwa Maneno Yake Mwenyewe.” Translated by W. H. Whiteley. Supplement to the East African Swahili Committee Journals 28–29 (2–1): 1–141.

Wainwright, Jacob. 1872. “Speech Of Jacob Wainwright At Church Missionary Meeting.” Unpublished manuscript. Papers of the Gell Family of Hopton: Lenton and Related Papers, 25 March 1872–17 June 1874. Derby Record Office, Derbyshire.

———. 1874a. “Inscription on the Tree at the Foot of which David Livingstone's Heart was Buried, 4 May 1873.” Photograph of original inscription. Chitambo's village, [Zambia]. No. 561464i. Wellcome Library, London. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 1874b. “Letter to Joseph Moore. 23 May 1874.” Manuscript. South Kensington. Acc.12444. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 1874c. “Letter to Joseph Moore. 10 July 1874.” Manuscript. Kessingland Suffolk. Acc.12444. National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 1876. “Letter to William Salter.” Unpublished manuscript. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.

———. 2020a. “Extract from Diary. May-June 1873.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 2020b. “Letter to William O. Livingstone. October 1873.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

———. 2020c. “Extract from Diary. [November 1873-February 1874].” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

[Wainwright, Jacob]. 1874. “Jacob Wainwright.” Wesleyan Juvenile Offering: A Miscellany of Missionary Info, no. 93 (September): 98–99. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice.

Waller, Horace, [James Chuma], and [Abdullah Susi]. 1874. “Notes from Chuma and Susi on Livingstone’s Last Journey.” Unpublished manuscript. MSS. Afr. s. 16 / 4-5, no. 24. Bodleian Library, Oxford.

Waller, Horace; Lindesay Brine; James Chumah. 1874. “To the Editor of the Times.” The Times, April 10, 1874. Also see the critical edition published by One More Voice

Weah. 1876. “A King Defending Himself from a Charge.” The Leeds Mercury, March 8, 1876.

Contextual sources  top

Anon. 1840. “Entertainment to Dr. Morison.” Aberdeen Journal, October 28, 1840. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1851. “Exhibitions: Panorama of the Nile.” The Lady’s Newspaper, January 4, 1851. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1867. “Monthly Summary: Liberia.” Anti-Slavery Reporter, October 15, 1867. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1874a. “Chuma and Susi at Newstead Abbey with Relics of Livingstone.” Unpublished photograph. MSS. Afr. s. 16 / 9, f. 13. Bodleian Library, Oxford. Contextual source: Chuma and Susi.

———. 1874b. “Chuma, Susi, Agnes Livingstone, Mr. Webb, Oswald Livingstone, Horace Waller, Mrs. Webb at Newstead Abbey about 1874.” Unpublished photograph. MSS. Afr. s. 16 / 9, f. 14. Bodleian Library, Oxford. Contextual source: Chuma and Susi.

———. 1874c. “Jacob Wainwright’s Home at Nasik.” Church Missionary Gleaner, June, 66–68. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

———. 1874d. “East African Slave Trade Meeting in York.” The York Herald, October 10, 1874. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

———. 1875a. “Jacob Wainwright, Dr. Livingstone’s Body-Guard.” The Juvenile Missionary Magazine, January, 14–16. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

———. 1875b. “The War in Liberia.” The Times, November 27, 1875. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1876a. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Times, March 7, 1876. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1876b. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Illustrated Missionary News, July 1, 1876. Contextual source: Selim Aga.

———. 1909. “Opening of the Boys’ Primary School, Namirembe.” East African Standard, November 6, 1909. Contextual source: Ham Mukasa.

Barker, G. 1834. “Letter to the Directors of the London Missionary Society. 6 October 1834.” Unpublished manuscript. CWM/LMS/South Africa/Incoming Correspondence/Box 14A/File 2/Jacket B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London. Contextual source: Khoisan mission residents.

Brand, [?], Foreign Office, and W.D. Cooley. 1854. “Notice of a Caravan Journey from the East to the West Coast of Africa.” Journal of the Royal Geographical Society 24: 266–71. Contextual source: Arab traders.

Brode, Heinrich. 1907. Tippoo Tib, His Career in Central Africa, Narrated from His Own Accounts. Translated by H. Havelock. London: Edward Arnold. Contextual source: Tippu Tip.

Lash, Augustus Henry. 1874. “‘In Mid Victorian Days’: Dips Into The Diary Of A Deputation By The Rev. A.H. Lash For The CMS.” Unpublished manuscript. Papers of Augustus Henry Lash. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

Price, Walter Saltley. 1874. “Jacob Wainwright.” The Times, April 22, 1874. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

———. 1876. “Notes On The East Africa Mission Given By Rev Price To Rev Lamb And Captain Russell.” Unpublished manuscript. Rev. Walter Saltley Price: Correspondence and Memoranda about the East Africa Mission. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

———. 1877. “Pictures from East Africa.” Church Missionary Gleaner 4 (41): 57–58. Contextual source: Jacob Wainwright.

Rampley, William Joseph Wright. 1930. Matthew Wellington: Sole Surviving Link With Dr. Livingstone. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Contextual source: Matthew Wellington.

Critical sources  top

Awaaz Magazine. 2009. “Bombay: Refuge for Slave Africans.” The East African, October 12, 2009.

Bennet, Norman Robert. 1971. Mirambo of Tanzania, 1840?-1884. New York: Oxford University Press.

Boehmer, Elleke. 1995. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bontinck, François. 1976a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: I. Robert Feruzi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 107 (September): 411–24.

———. 1976b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: II. Mbarak Bombay.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 110 (December): 619–32.

———. 1977a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: III. Uledi Pangani Alias Mwinyi Khamis.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 114 (April): 223–42.

———. 1977b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IV. Uledi Mwana Sera.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 118 (October): 495–514.

———. 1977c. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: V. Uledi Le Timonier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 120 (December): 627–40.

———. 1978a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VI. Mabruki Speke.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 122 (February): 93–107.

———. 1978b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VII. Ferrajji Le Cuisinier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 128 (October): 495–509.

———. 1979a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VIII. Mwinyi Pembe.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 132 (February): 107–18.

———. 1979b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IX. Hamadi Le Guide.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 138 (October): 489–505.

———. 1979c. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: X. Chowpereh.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 140 (December): 619–34.

———. 1980a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XI. Khamisi Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 142 (February): 101–16.

———. 1980b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XII. Asmani et Mabruki Kisesa.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 144 (April): 235–45.

———. 1980c. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIII. Majwara.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 146 (August): 365–78.

———. 1981a. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIV. Sarmini Kacheche.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 152 (February): 101–21.

———. 1981b. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XV. Songoro Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 155 (May): 317–27.

———. 1981c. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVI. Kamna, Kombo, Nubi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 158 (October): 513–27.

———. 1982. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVII. David Abdallah Susi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 162 (February): 99–118.

Bridges, Roy C. 1987. “Nineteenth-Century East African Travel Records with an Appendix on ‘Armchair Geographers’ and Cartography.” Paideuma 33: 179–96.

———. 1998. “Explorers’ Texts and the Problem of Reactions by Non-Literate Peoples: Some Nineteenth-Century East African Examples.” Studies in Travel Writing 2 (1): 65–84.

Clendennen, G. W., and D.H. Simpson. 1985. “African Members of the Zambezi Expedition, 1861-1864: A Prosopographical Foray.” History in Africa 12: 29–49.

De Souza, Eunice. 2008. “Bombay Africans.” Mumbai Mirror, October 23, 2008.

Driver, Felix. 2013a. “Hidden Histories Made Visible? Reflections on a Geographical Exhibition.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 38 (3): 420–35.

———. 2013b. “Missionary Travels: Livingstone, Africa and the Book.” Edited by Justin D. Livingstone. Scottish Geographical Journal 129 (3–4): 164–78.

———. 2017. “Exploration as Knowledge Transfer: Exhibiting Hidden Histories.” In Mobilities of Knowledge, edited by Heike Jöns, Peter Meusburger, and Michael Heffernan. N.p.: Springer International Publishing.

Driver, Felix, and Lowri M. Jones. 2009a. Hidden Histories of Exploration: Researching the RGS-IBG Collections. London: Royal Holloway, University of London.

———. 2009b. “Hidden Histories? Local Knowledge and Indigenous Agency in the History of Geographical Exploration.” Paper presented at the 14th International Conference of Historical Geographers, Kyoto, August 23.

Graham-Stewart, Michael. 2012. 4 Africa: Out of Africa. London: Michael Graham-Stewart.

Gray, John M. 1947. “Ahmed Bin Ibrahim – The First Arab to Reach Buganda.” Uganda Journal 11: 80–97.

———. 1949. “Livingstone’s Muganda Servant.” Uganda Journal 13: 119–29.

———. 1957. “Trading Expeditions from the Coast to Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Before 1857.” Tanganyika Notes and Records, no. 49: 226–46.

———, ed. 1961. “The Diaries of Emin Pasha.” Uganda Journal 25: 1–15.

———. 1962. “Trading Expeditions from the Coast to Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Before 1857.” Tanganyika Notes and Records, no. 58: 174.

———. 1966. “The Correspondence of Dallington Maftaa.” Uganda Journal 30: 13–24.

Jones, Lowri M. 2008. “Bombay Africans 1850–1910, Royal Geographical Society, 25 September - 29 November 2007.” History Workshop Journal 65 (1): 271–74.

Katjivena, Uazuvara. 2020. Mama Penee: Transcending the Genocide. Windhoek: University of Namibia Press.

Kennedy, Dane. 2013. The Last Blank Spaces: Exploring Africa and Australia. Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press.

Livingstone, Justin D. 2018. “Dissenting Traditions and Missionary Imaginations: Novel Perspectives on the Twentieth Century.” In The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, edited by Mark P. Hutchinson, V:377–415. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

McCarthy, James. 2006. Selim Aga: A Slave Odyssey. Edinburgh: Luath Press Limited.

———. 2007. “Selim Aga: New Light on His Life and His Explorations in West Africa.” The Journal of the Hakluyt Society, July, [1]-[7].

Moynagh, Maureen. 2015. “Afropolitan Travels: ‘Discovering Home’ and the World in Africa.” In New Directions in Travel Writing Studies, edited by Julia Kuehn and Paul Smethurst, 281–96. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ross, Robert. 2018. These Oppressions Won’t Cease: An Anthology of the Political Thought of the Cape Khoesan, 1777-1879. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati Press.

Royal Geographical Society. 2007. “Bombay Africans.” Web. December 18, 2007–February 12, 2008.

Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), and Lowri M. Jones. 2009. “Hidden Histories of Exploration.” Web. 2009.

Simpson, Donald. 1976. Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East Africa. London: Paul Elek Ltd.

Special Collections, SOAS Library. 2014. “The Life and Afterlife of David Livingstone: The ‘Bombay Africans.’” Web. May 12, 2014.

Thomas, H. B. 1951. “Jacob Wainwright in Uganda.” Uganda Journal 15: 204–5.

———. 1960. “Mohammed Biri.” Uganda Journal 24: 123–26.

———. 1962. “The Logistics of Caravan Travel.” In The Nile Quest, edited by Merrick Posnansky, 12–15. Kampala: The East African Literature Bureau for the Uganda Museum, Kampala.

———. 1964. “Note: Livingstone’s Muganda Servant – A Postscript.” Uganda Journal 28: 99–100.

Wisnicki, Adrian S. 2019. Fieldwork of Empire, 1840–1900: Intercultural Dynamics in the Production of British Expeditionary Literature. New York; Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Associated website.

Wisnicki, Adrian S., and Megan Ward, eds. 2017. Livingstone Online. New version, second edition. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Libraries.

Site illustrations  top

Anon. 1900. “Jacob Wainwright with David Livingstone’s Coffin and Some of Livingstone’s Travelling Trunks on Board the Ship ‘Malwa,’ 1874; Inscription from David Livingstone’s Tombstone in Westminster Abbey; David Livingstone’s Funeral at Westminster Abbey, 1874.” Magic lantern slide. Library, LIB G/3, t0338. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

Erhardt, Jacob, Johann Rebmann, Augustus Petermann, C. Hellfarth, and [Unnamed Arab and African Informants]. 1856. “Sizze Einer Karte Eines Theils von Ost u. Central Afrika Mit Angabe Der Wahrscheinlichen Lage u. Ausdehnung Des See’s von Uniamesi Nebs Bezeichnung Der Crenzen u. Wohnsitze Der Verschiedenen Völker Sowie Der Caravanen Strassen Nach Dem Innern.” Mittheilungen Aus Justus Perthes’ Geographischer Anstalt Über Wichtige Neue Erforschungen Auf Dem Gesammtgebiete Der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann 2: plate 1.

Livingstone, Charles. 2020. “Photographic Scene in an African Village, [1857-1865].” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Livingstone, David, and [Informants from Zanzibar]. 2020. “Notebook III. 22 July-7 October 1871.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Livingstone, David, [Kirk, John], and [Two Unknown Writers]. 2020. “Fragment of 1871 Field Diary. 11 August 1871-9 September 1871.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Livingstone, David, John Hanning Speke, Alexander Keith Johnston, [Said Bin Habeeb], and [Unnamed Arab and African Informants]. 2020. “Annotations on Map from John H. Speke, Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863), [1869-1873].” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Poulett, Weatherly, and [Jacob Wainwright]. 1895. “Dr. Livingstone, May 4 1873; Inscription Carved by African Youths on the Tree in Central Africa at the Foot of Which Livingstone’s Heart Was Buried, c.1895-96.” Photograph. No. 561464i. Wellcome Library, London.

R. Allen & Sons. 2020. “Agnes and Thomas Livingstone (Daughter and Son of David Livingstone), Abdullah Susi, James Chuma, and Rev. Horace Waller at Newstead Abbey, Nottingham, Discussing the Journals, Maps, and Plans Made by the Late David Livingstone, 1874.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, new version, second edition. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

Woodman, Richard, and [Henry Room]. 1844. “Jan or Dyani Tzatzoe (Tshatshu); Andries Stoffles; James Read Sr; James Read Jr; John Philip.” Line and stipple engraving. NPG D8773. National Portrait Gallery, London.