Hand-drawn annotated map of Central Africa showing lakes and rivers; includes text “Note Bin Habib.”

One More Voice


Lost Voices from the British Empire's Archives

Bibliography: Primary Works and Secondary Studies

Overview  top

This bibliography compiles primary works and secondary studies related to One More Voice and uses the following structure:

  • Original works generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. The individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice serve as either authors of or contributors to such works.
  • Works of folklore generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. These works are rarely “authored” by the individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice and should be approached with exceptional critical caution. Nonetheless, the works together serve as an important, if highly mediated, repository of relevant voices. This subsection also includes a small selection of Victorian scholarship on folklore.
  • Historical sources generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. These sources provide historical context for the individuals and groups whose work is published and/or documented by One More Voice.
  • Studies of individuals and groups and regional studies are modern critical works that, respectively, focus on the individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice or discuss relevant regional contexts.
  • Critical and theoretical studies engage broad and/or abstract questions relevant to the development of One More Voice.
  • Digital projects and archives are initiatives whose objectives and methodologies bear affinity to those of One More Voice.
  • Site illustrations comprise images used to illustrate the One More Voice project site.

The bibliography is by no means exhaustive and, indeed, might best be described as incomplete. To suggest additional sources, please email us. Users may also want to consult Livingstone Online’s general, but more comprehensive bibliography.

Original works*  top

*See Archival Texts, Artifacts, and Book-Length Works for additional original works. Original works listed on those pages are not duplicated here.

Aga, Selim. “A Trip Up the Congo or Zaire River.” Geographical Magazine, July 1, 1875, 203–07.

———. Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga. Aberdeen: W. Bennett, Printer, 1846.

———. Incidents Connected with the Life of Selim Aga, A Native of Central Africa. Edited by Apex Data Services, Inc. and Elizabeth S. Wright. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2003.

Baptista, P.J., and Amaro José. “Journey of the Pombeiros: P. J. Baptista and Amaro José, Across Africa from Angola to Tette on the Zambeze.” In The Lands of Cazembe: Lacerda’s Journey to Cazembe in 1798, by Richard Francis Burton, translated by B.A. Beadle, 165–244. London: John Murray, 1873.

Bontinck, François. “Encore Sur Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright: Corrigenda.” Africa: Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 33, no. 4 (December 1978): 603–04.

———. “Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright.” Africa: Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 32, no. 3 (September 1977): 399–434.

Bontinck, François, and Koen Janssen, eds. L’Autobiographie de Hamed Ben Mohammed El-Murjebi Tippo Tip (ca. 1840-1905). Translated by François Bontinck and Koen Janssen. Brussels: Academie voor Overzeese Wetenschappen, 1974.

Bridges, Roy C., ed. “‘A Dangerous and Toilsome Journey.’ Jacob Wainwright’s Diary of the Transportation of Dr Livingstone’s Body to the Coast, 4 May 1873 to 18 February 1874.” In Four Travel Journals / The Americas, Antarctica and Africa / 1775-1874, 329–84. London: Hakluyt Society, 2007.

Casement, Roger. “Report on Visit to Interior of Congo State and on Condition of the Natives.” In Correspondence and Report from His Majesty’s Consul at Boma Respecting the Administration of the Independent State of the Congo, Africa 1:21–82. House of Commons. Accounts and Papers. London: Harrison and Sons for His Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1904.

Dorugu. “The Life and Travels of Dorugu.” In West African Travels and Adventures: Two Autobiographical Narratives from West Africa, edited by Anthony Kirk-Greene and Paul Newman, translated by Paul Newman, 27–129. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 1971.

Farar, Carras, and Matthew Wellington. “David Livingstone: Two Accounts of His Death and Transportation of His Body to the Coast [Comprising] Carras Farar’s Story of the Finding of Dr. Livingstone in Central Africa [and] Account of the Life of Matthew Wellington in His Own Words, and the Death of David Livingstone and the Journey to the Coast.” Zambia Journal 6 (1965): 95–102.

Hemedi bin Abdallah el-Buhriy. Utenzi Wa Vita Vya Wadachi Kutamalaki Mrima, 1307 A.H. The German Conquest of the Swahili Coast, 1891 A.D. Translated by J.W.T Allen. Dar es Salaam: East African Literature Bureau, 1960.

Hendrickze, Hendrick. “Letter to John Philip.” Unpublished manuscript, April 18, 1843. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 19/1/D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Holmwood, F., and Majwara. “Majwara’s Account of the Last Journey and Death of Dr. Livingstone.” Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society 18, no. 3 (1873-1874): 244–46.

Kok, Adam. “Letter to James Read.” Unpublished manuscript, April 1843. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 19/1/D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Maimaina of Jega. “The Story of Maimaina of Jega, Chief of Askira, As Told by Himself.” In West African Travels and Adventures: Two Autobiographical Narratives from West Africa, edited by Anthony Kirk-Greene and Paul Newman, translated by Anthony Kirk-Greene, 131–201. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 1971.

Read, James, Jr. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society.” Unpublished manuscript, 1838. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 16A/2/C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

———. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society.” Unpublished manuscript, 1842. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 18B/5/C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Thomas, H. B., and Carus Farrar. “The Death of Dr. Livingstone: Carus Farrar’s Narrative.” Uganda Journal 14, no. 2 (September 1950): 115–28.

Tippu Tip. “Maisha Ya Hamed Bin Muhammed El Murjebi Yaani Tippu Tip: Kwa Maneno Yake Mwenyewe.” Translated by W. H. Whiteley. Supplement to the East African Swahili Committee Journals 28–29, no. 2–1 (1959 1958): 1–141.

Wainwright, Jacob. “Letter to Walter Saltley Price.” Unpublished manuscript, 1876. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.

———. “Speech Of Jacob Wainwright At Church Missionary Meeting.” Unpublished manuscript, 1872. Papers of the Gell Family of Hopton: Lenton and Related Papers, 25 March 1872–17 June 1874. Derby Record Office, Derbyshire.

Waller, Horace, James Chuma, and Abdullah Susi. “Notes from Chuma and Susi on Livingstone’s Last Journey.” Unpublished manuscript, 1874. MSS. Afr. s. 16 / 4-5, no. 24. Bodleian Library, Oxford.

Weah, Bye. “A King Defending Himself from a Charge.” The Leeds Mercury. March 8, 1876.

Works of folklore  top

➥ Archival texts (print and manuscript)

  1. Kaye, William Kekale. “[Collection of Xhosa Legends].” Unpublished manuscript, N.d. Grey Collection, No. 172C. National Library of South Africa, Cape Town.
  2. Unnamed African Informants (South African, Malagasy, Otyihereró, Zulu, and Temne), and W.H.I. Bleek. “African Folk Lore. I.” Edited and translated by W.H.I. Bleek, Theophilus Shepstone, John Sanderson, J. Rath, James Cameron, Canon Callaway, and C.F. Schlenker. Cape Monthly Magazine 1 (September 1, 1870): 168–82.
  3. Unnamed Hova Informants, and W.H.I. Bleek. “African Folk-Lore. II. A Madagascar Tale.” Edited and translated by James Cameron. Cape Monthly Magazine, December 1, 1871, 334–44.
  4. Unnamed Malagasy Informants, and L. “African Folk-Lore. Three Madagascar Tales.” Edited by Lars Nilsen Dahle. Translated by Mary Cameron. Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 96 (April 1, 1878): 252–54.
  5. Unnamed Malagasy Informants, and James Richardson. “The Folk-Lore of Madagascar.” Edited and translated by Lars Nilsen Dahle and C.F. Moss. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine 3 (Christmas 1877): 102–15.
  6. Unnamed Sakalava Informants, and James Richardson. “More Folk-Lore.” Edited by W.C. Pickersgill. Translated by James Richardson. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine 4 (Christmas 1878): 44–53. Alternate version.
  7. Unnamed South African Informants. “A Bit of South-African Folk-Lore. A Kaffir Fairy Tale.” Edited and translated by Anonymous. Wesleyan Juvenile Offering: A Miscellany of Missionary Info, no. 12 (December 1, 1889): 228–29.
  8. Unnamed Zulu Informants, and L. “African Folk-Lore. II. Contributions in Zulu.” Edited by Anonymous. Translated by William Ireland. Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 98 (June 1, 1878): 346–53.

➥ Published books and book chapters*

*Site visitors are advised that the authorial information for the entries in this subsection is incomplete and that each text listed draws on the contributions, often extensive, of one or more unlisted non-European informants.

  1. Bleek, W.H.I., ed. and trans. Reineke Fuchs in Afrika. Fabeln Und Märchen Der Lingebornen. Nach Originalhandschriften Der Grey’-Schen Bibliothek in Der Kap-Stadt Und Andern Authentischen Quellen. Weimar: Herman Böhlau, 1870.
  2. ———, ed. and trans. Reynard the Fox in South Africa; Hottentot Fables and Tales. London: Trübner & Co., 1864.
  3. Callaway, Canon, ed. and trans. Nursery Tales, Traditions, and Histories of the Zulus, in Their Own Words, with a Translation into English, and Notes. Natal; London: John A. Blair; Davis and Sons; Trübner and Co., 1868.
  4. Casalis, Eugène. Études Sur La Langue Séchuana. Paris: L’Imprimerie Royale, 1841.
  5. Frere, Mary, ed. and trans. Old Deccan Days; Or, Hindoo Fairy Legends, Current in Southern India. London: John Murray, 1868.
  6. Gray, George, ed. Ko Nga Moteatea, Me Nga Hakirara O Nga Maori: He Mea Kohikohi Mai. Wellington, New Zealand: Robert Stokes, 1853. Collection of Māori songs, chants, and poetry.
  7. Grey, George, ed. and trans. Ko Nga Mahinga A Nga Tupuna Maori: He Mea Kohikohi Mai. London: George Willis, 1854. Māori language version of Polynesian Mythology, and Ancient Traditional History of the New Zealand Race (see entry below).
  8. ———, ed. and trans. Ko Nga Whakapepeha Me Nga Whakaahuareka A Nga Tipuna O Aotea-Roa. Cape Town: Saul Solomon and Co., 1857. Collection of Māori proverbs, with translations and explanations.
  9. ———, ed. and trans. Polynesian Mythology, and Ancient Traditional History of the New Zealand Race, as Furnished by Their Priests and Chiefs. London: John Murray, 1855.
  10. Izett, James, ed. and trans. Maori Lore. The Traditions of the Maori People, with the More Important of Their Legends. Compiled for the Government of New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: John Mackay, Government Printer, 1904.
  11. Llyod, L.C., ed. Specimens of Bushman Folklore. Translated by W.H.I. Bleek and L.C. Llyod. London: George Allen & Company, Ltd., 1911.
  12. Schlenker, C.F., ed and trans. A Collection of Temne Traditions, Fables and Proverbs, with an English Translation; as Also Some Specimens of the Author’s Own Temne Compositions and Translations; to Which Is Appended a Temne Vocabulary. London: Prited for the Church Missionary Society, 1861.
  13. Stanley, Henry Morton. My Dark Companions and Their Strange Stories. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1893.
  14. Steere, Edward, ed. and trans. Swahili Tales, as Told by Natives of Zanzibar, with an English Translation. London: Bell & Daldy, 1870.
  15. Theal, George McCall, ed. and trans. Kaffir Folk-Lore; or, A Selection of the Traditional Tales Current Among the People Living on the Eastern Border of the Cape Colony. With Copious Explanatory Notes. London: W. Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1882. Alternate version 1, alternate version 2, alternate version 3 (1886 edition).
  16. Unnamed African Informants. “Appendix: Native Tales Literally Translated.” In Africana; The Heart of Heathen Africa, by Duff Macdonald, 277–301, also see 47-57. Edited and translated by Duff Macdonald. London; Edinburgh; Aberdeen: Simpkin Marshall & Co.; John Mezies & Co,; A Brown & Co., 1882.
  17. Unnamed Yuwaalaraay Informants. Australian Legendary Tales: Folk-Lore of the Noongahburrahs as Told to the Piccaninnies. Illustrated by Tommy McRae. Edited and translated by K. Langloh Parker. London; Melbourne: David Nutt; Melville, Mullen & Slade, 1896.

➥ Victorian scholarship on folklore

  1. Anonymous, and Canon Callaway. “South African Folk-Lore.” Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 94 (February 1, 1878): 109–10.
  2. Bleek, W.H.I. A Brief Account of Bushman Folk-Lore and Other Texts. Cape Town; London; Leipsic: J.C. Juta; Trübner & Co.; F.A. Brockhaus, 1875.
  3. T. “Sparks from Kafir Anvils.” Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 95 (March 1, 1878): 190–92.
  4. Werner, A. “Notes on Central African Folk-Lore.” The Cape Illustated Magazine 6, no. 5 (January 1896): 137–39.

Historical sources  top

➥ Selim Aga

  1. Anonymous. “Entertainment to Dr. Morison.” Aberdeen Journal. October 28, 1840.
  2. ———. “Exhibitions: Panorama of the Nile.” The Lady’s Newspaper. January 4, 1851.
  3. ———. “Monthly Summary: Liberia.” Anti-Slavery Reporter. October 15, 1867.
  4. ———. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Times. March 7, 1876.
  5. ———. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Illustrated Missionary News. July 1, 1876.
  6. ———. “The War in Liberia.” The Times. November 27, 1875.

➥ Semane Setlhoko Khama

  1. Anonymous. “Chiefs’ Mothers: A Contrast.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, January 1932, 3–4.
  2. ———. “Khama’s Widow Works for Temperance.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, November 1931, 248.
  3. F.H.G. “The Hill Top Where Young Africa Stands; Semane, Khama’s Widow at Work in Serowe.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, January 1931, 15–16.

➥ Khoisan Mission Residents (South Africa)

  1. Barker, G. “Letter to the Directors of the London Missionary Society. 6 October 1834.” Unpublished manuscript, October 6, 1834. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 14A/2/B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

➥ Hum Mukasa

  1. Anonymous. “Opening of the Boys’ Primary School, Namirembe.” East African Standard, November 6, 1909.

➥ James Read, Jr.

  1. Anonymous. “Enclosures to James Read. 20 June 1850.” Unpublished manuscript, June 20, 1850. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 25/4/B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

➥ Tippu Tip

  1. Brode, Heinrich. Tippoo Tib, His Career in Central Africa, Narrated from His Own Accounts. Translated by H. Havelock. London: Edward Arnold, 1907.

➥ Jacob Wainwright

  1. Anonymous. “East African Slave Trade Meeting in York.” The York Herald, October 10, 1874.
  2. ———. “Jacob Wainright, Dr. Lingstone’s Bodyguard.” The Juvenile Missionary Magazine, January 1, 1875, 15–16.
  3. ———. “Jacob Wainright’s Home at Nasik.” The Church Missionary Gleaner, June 1, 1874, 67–68.
  4. Lash, Augustus Henry. “‘In Mid Victorian Days’: Dips into the Diary of a Deputation by the Rev. A.H. Lash for the CMS.” Unpublished manuscript, 1874. Papers of Augustus Henry Lash. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
  5. Price, Walter Saltley. “Jacob Wainwright. To the Editor of the Times.” The Times, April 22, 1874.
  6. ———. “Notes on the East Africa Mission Given by Rev Price to Rev Lamb and Captain Russell.” Unpublished manuscript, 1876. Rev. Walter Saltley Price: Correspondence and Memoranda about the East Africa Mission. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
  7. ———. “Pictures from East Africa.” Church Missionary Gleaner 4, no. 41 (May 1, 1877): 57–58.

➥ Matthew Wellington

  1. Anonymous. “A Last Link with Livingstone: Death of Matthew Wellington.” The Times, June 6, 1935.
  2. ———. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, May 6, 1929.
  3. ———. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, July 16, 1929.
  4. ———. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, April 3, 1930.
  5. Copping, Arthur E. “Links with Livingstone.” The Times, June 15, 1935.
  6. Rampley, William Joseph Wright. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, November 21, 1927.
  7. ———. “Matthew Wellington.” The Times, June 18, 1935.
  8. ———. Matthew Wellington: Sole Surviving Link With Dr. Livingstone. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1930.
  9. Ross, W. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, July 18, 1929.

Studies of individuals and groups  top

Awaaz Magazine. “Bombay: Refuge for Slave Africans.” The East African, October 12, 2009.

Bennet, Norman Robert. Mirambo of Tanzania, 1840?-1884. New York: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: I. Robert Feruzi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 107 (August-September 1976): 411–24.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: II. Mbarak Bombay.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 110 (December 1976): 619–32.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: III. Uledi Pangani Alias Mwinyi Khamis.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 114 (April 1977): 223–42.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IV. Uledi Mwana Sera.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 118 (October 1977): 495–514.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IX. Hamadi Le Guide.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 138 (October 1979): 489–505.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: V. Uledi Le Timonier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 120 (December 1977): 627–40.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VI. Mabruki Speke.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 122 (February 1978): 93–107.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VII. Ferrajji Le Cuisinier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 128 (October 1978): 495–509.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VIII. Mwinyi Pembe.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 132 (February 1979): 107–18.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: X. Chowpereh.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 140 (December 1979): 619–34.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XI. Khamisi Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 142 (February 1980): 101–16.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XII. Asmani et Mabruki Kisesa.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 144 (April 1980): 235–45.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIII. Majwara.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 146 (June/July/August 1980): 365–78.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIV. Sarmini Kacheche.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 152 (February 1981): 101–21.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XV. Songoro Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 155 (May 1981): 317–27.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVI. Kamna, Kombo, Nubi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 158 (October 1981): 513–27.

———. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVII. David Abdallah Susi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 162 (February 1982): 99–118.

Clendennen, G. W., and D.H. Simpson. “African Members of the Zambezi Expedition, 1861-1864: A Prosopographical Foray.” History in Africa 12 (1985): 29–49.

Davis, Joanne Ruth. Tiyo Soga: A Literary History. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press, 2018.

Flint, Kate. The Transatlantic Indian, 1776-1930. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Gerzina, Gretchen Holbrook. Mr. and Mrs. Prince: How an Extraordinary Eighteenth-Century Family Moved out of Slavery and into Legend. New York: Amistad, 2008.

Gray, John M. “Ahmed Bin Ibrahim – The First Arab to Reach Buganda.” Uganda Journal 11, no. 2 (September 1947): 80–97.

———. “Livingstone’s Muganda Servant.” Uganda Journal 13, no. 2 (September 1949): 119–29.

———. “The Correspondence of Dallington Maftaa.” Uganda Journal 30, part 1 (1966): 13–24.

———, ed. “The Diaries of Emin Pasha – Extracts I.” Uganda Journal 25, no. 1 (March 1961): 1–15. Also extracts in subsequent issues of the journal.

Jones, Lowri M. “Bombay Africans 1850–1910, Royal Geographical Society, 25 September - 29 November 2007.” History Workshop Journal 65, no. 1 (Spr 2008): 271–74.

Katjivena, Uazuvara. Mama Penee: Transcending the Genocide. Windhoek: University of Namibia Press, 2020.

Keegan, Timothy. Dr. Philip’s Empire: One Man’s Struggle for Justice in Nineteenth Century South Africa. Cape Town: Zebra Press, 2016.

Levine, Roger S. A Living Man from Africa: Jan Tzatoe, Xhosa Chief and Missionary, and the Making of Nineteenth Century South Africa. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2011.

Livingstone, Justin D. “Dissenting Traditions and Missionary Imaginations: Novel Perspectives on the Twentieth Century.” In The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, edited by Mark P. Hutchinson, V:377–415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Includes discussion of Bokwala.

McCarthy, James. Selim Aga: A Slave Odyssey. Edinburgh: Luath Press Limited, 2006.

———. “Selim Aga: New Light on His Life and His Explorations in West Africa.” The Journal of the Hakluyt Society, July 2007, [1-7].

Roberts, Mary Nooter, and Allen F. Roberts. Memory: Luba Art and the Making of History. New York: The Museum for African Art, 1996.

Ross, Robert. These Oppressions Won’t Cease: An Anthology of the Political Thought of the Cape Khoesan, 1777-1879. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati Press, 2018.

Royal Geographical Society. “Bombay Africans.” Web, December 18, 2007–February 12, 2008.

Simpson, Donald. Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East Africa. London: Paul Elek Ltd., 1976.

Souza, Eunice de. “Bombay Africans.” Mumbai Mirror, October 23, 2008.

Special Collections, SOAS Library. “The Life and Afterlife of David Livingstone: The ‘Bombay Africans.’” Web, May 12, 2014.

Thomas, H.B. “Jacob Wainwright in Uganda.” Uganda Journal 15, no. 2 (September 1951): 204–5.

———. “Mohammed Biri.” Uganda Journal 24, no. 2 (September 1960): 123–26.

———. “Note: Livingstone’s Muganda Servant – A Postscript.” Uganda Journal 28, no. 1 (March 1964): 99–100.

Regional studies  top

Bassett, Thomas J. “Indigenous Mapmaking in Intertropical Africa.” In Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies, edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis, 24–48. The History of Cartography, Vol. 2, Bk. 3. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Bridges, Roy C. “Explorers’ Texts and the Problem of Reactions by Non-Literate Peoples: Some Nineteenth-Century East African Examples.” Studies in Travel Writing 2, no. 1 (1998): 65–84.

———. “Nineteenth-Century East African Travel Records with an Appendix on ‘Armchair Geographers’ and Cartography.” Paideuma 33 (1987): 179–96.

Comaroff, Jean, and Comaroff, John. Of Revelation and Revolution: Christianity, Colonialism, and Consciousness in South Africa. 2 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. The History of African Cities South of the Sahara from Origins to Colonization. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2005.

———. “The Process of Urbanization in Africa (From the Origins to the Beginning of Independence).” African Studies Review 34, no. 1 (1991): 1–98.

Dabydeen, David, John Gilmore, and Cecily Jones, eds. The Oxford Companion to Black British History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Elbourne, Elizabeth. Blood Ground: Colonialism, Missions and the Contest for Christianity in the Cape Colony and Britain, 1799-1853. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Ewald, Janet. Soldiers, Traders, and Slaves: State Formation and Economic Transformation in the Greater Nile Valley, 1700–1885. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990.

———. “The Nile Valley System and the Red Sea Slave Trade.” Slavery & Abolition 9, no. 3 (1988): 71–92.

Gerzina, Gretchen H. Britain’s Black Past. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2020.

———. Black Victorians, Black Victoriana. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003.

Gray, John M. “Trading Expeditions from the Coast to Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Before 1857.” Tanganyika Notes and Records, no. 49 (1957): 226–46.

———. “Trading Expeditions from the Coast to Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria Before 1857.” Tanganyika Notes and Records, no. 58 (1962): 174.

Hofmeyr, Isabel, and Charne Lavery. “Exploring the Indian Ocean as a Rich Archive of History – Above and Below the Water Line.” The Conversation, June 7, 2020.

Keegan, Timothy. Colonial South Africa and the Origins of the Racial Order. Cape Town: David Philip, 1996.

Kennedy, Dane. The Last Blank Spaces: Exploring Africa and Australia. Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press, 2013.

Manning, Patrick. Slavery and African Life: Occidental, Oriental, and African Slave Trades. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Moynagh, Maureen. “Afropolitan Travels: ‘Discovering Home’ and the World in Africa.” In New Directions in Travel Writing Studies, edited by Julia Kuehn and Paul Smethurst, 281–96. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Northrup, David. Beyond the Bend in the River: African Labor in Eastern Zaire, 1865-1940. Athens, OH: University of Ohio Press, 1988.

Reid, Richard J. A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present. Chichester, West Sussex, England: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

———. A Modern History of Uganda. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Renault, François. “The Structures of the Slave Trade in Central Africa in the 19th Century.” In The Economics of the Indian Ocean Slave Trade in the Nineteenth Century, edited by William Gervase Clarence-Smith, 146–65. London: Cass, 1989.

Rockel, Stephen J. Carriers of Culture: Labor on the Road in Nineteenth-Century East Africa. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2006.

Ross, Robert. The Borders of Race in Colonial South Africa: The Kat River Settlement, 1829-1856. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Sheriff, Abdul. Slaves, Spices and Ivory in Zanzibar: Integration of an East African Commercial Empire into the World Economy, 1770-1873. London; Nairobi; Dar Es Salaam; Athens, OH: James Currey; Heinemann Kenya; Tanzania Publishing House; Ohio University Press, 1987.

Thomas, H.B. “The Logistics of Caravan Travel.” In The Nile Quest, edited by Merrick Posnansky, 12–15. Kampala: The East African Literature Bureau for the Uganda Museum, Kampala, 1962.

Vansina, Jan. Kingdoms of the Savanna. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1968.

Critical and theoretical studies  top

Betensky, Carolyn. “Casual Racism in Victorian Literature.” Victorian Literature and Culture 47, no. 4 (2019): 723–51.

Bihari Mukharji, Projit, Myrna Perez Sheldon, Elise K. Burton, Sebastian Gil-Riano, Terence Keel, Emily Merchant, Wangui Muigai, Ahmed Ragab, and Suman Seth. “Open Conversations: Diversifying the Discipline of Disciplining Diversity? A Roundtable Discussion on Collecting Demographics Data.” Isis 111, no. 2 (June 2020).

Boehmer, Elleke. Colonial and Postcolonial Literature: Migrant Metaphors. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Brantlinger, Patrick. Rule of Darkness: British Literature and Imperialism, 1830–1914. Ithaca, NY; London: Cornell University Press, 1988.

Carpenter, Brian. “Finding Mrs. Mahone and Indigenous Experts in the Archives.” American Philosophical Society (blog), June 5, 2019.

Chatterjee, Ronjaunee, Alicia Mireles Christoff, and Amy R. Wong. “Undisciplining Victorian Studies.” Los Angeles Review of Books, July 10, 2020.

Driver, Felix. “Exploration as Knowledge Transfer: Exhibiting Hidden Histories.” In Mobilities of Knowledge, edited by Heike Jöns, Peter Meusburger, and Michael Heffernan. n.p.: Springer International Publishing, 2017.

———. “Hidden Histories Made Visible? Reflections on a Geographical Exhibition.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 38, no. 3 (2013): 420–35.

Driver, Felix, and Lowri M. Jones. “Hidden Histories? Local Knowledge and Indigenous Agency in the History of Geographical Exploration.” Paper presented at the 14th International Conference of Historical Geographers, Kyoto, August 23, 2009.

———. Hidden Histories of Exploration: Researching the RGS-IBG Collections. London: Royal Holloway, University of London, 2009.

Earhart, Amy E. “Can Information Be Unfettered? Race and the New Digital Humanities Canon.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities, edited by Matthew K. Gold. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.

Fong, Ryan D. “Empire.” Victorian Literature and Culture 46, no. 3–4 (Fall/Winter 2018): 665–68.

Gallon, Kim. “Making a Case for the Black Digital Humanities.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Hensley, Nathan K. “The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 10th Edition: Volume E, The Victorian Age. Reader’s Comments.” Nathan K. Hensley: Blog, July 21, 2020.

Jackson, Lauren Michele. “What Is an Anti-Racist Reading List For?Vulture, June 4, 2020.

Kelley, Robin D.G. “Black Study, Black Struggle.” The Boston Review, March 7, 2016.

Loomba, Ania. Colonialism/Postcolonialism. 3rd ed. London; New York: Routledge, 2015.

McKamey, Pirette. “What Anti-Racist Teachers Do Differently.” The Atlantic, June 17, 2020.

Mitchell, Koritha. “The N-Word and the Classroom: Just Say No.” C19 Podcast, n.d.

National Trust. “Addressing Our Histories of Colonialism and Historic Slavery,” 2020. Also see “Colonialism and Historic Slavery Report.”

Risam, Roopika. New Digital Worlds: Postcolonial Digital Humanities in Theory, Praxis, and Pedagogy. Chicago: Northwestern University Press, 2019.

Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), and Lowri M. Jones. “Hidden Histories of Exploration.” Web, 2009.

Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. London: Chatto & Windus, 1993.

———. Orientalism. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978.

Sangwand, T-Kay. “Preservation Is Political: Enacting Contributive Justice and Decoloniing Transnational Archival Collaborations.” KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 2, no. 1 (2018): 10.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present. Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard University Press, 1999.

———. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” In Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, 271–313. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

———. “Can the Subaltern Speak? Speculations on Widow-Sacrifice.” Wedge 7–8, no. Winter-Spring (1985): 120–30.

———. In Other Worlds: Essays in Cultural Politics. New York; London: Methuen, Inc., 1987.

———. “Subaltern Studies: Deconstructing Historiography.” In The Spivak Reader, edited by Donna Landry and Gerald Maclean, 203–35. London: Routledge, 1996.

———. “The Rani of Sirmur: An Essay in Reading the Archives.” History and Theory 24, no. 3 (1987): 247–72.

———. “Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism.” Critical Inquiry 12, no. 1 (1985): 243–61.

Wisnicki, Adrian S. Fieldwork of Empire, 1840–1900: Intercultural Dynamics in the Production of British Expeditionary Literature. New York; Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019.

Young, Robert J. C. Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2001.

———. White Mythologies: Writing History and the West. London: Routledge, 1990.

Zuroski, Eugenia. “This Ship We’re In.” The Rambling (blog), August 7, 2020.

Digital projects and archives  top

Aljoe, Nicole, and Elizabeth Maddock Dillon. East Carribean Digital Archive. Boston: Northeastern University, 2017.

Bristol Archives, and Bristol Museum & Art Gallery. British Empire & Commonwealth Collection. Bristol, UK: Bristol Archives, 2020.

Colored Conventions Project, and Community Contributors. “Black Digital Humanities Projects & Resources.” Google Drive, 2017.

Community Contributors. “Digital Archives; Digitized Collections; DH Projects That Explicitly Acknowledge and Discuss Archival Silences in Their Content.” Google Drive, 2020.

Digital Library of the Caribbean. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, 2011.

English Association, Institute of English Studies, University of East Anglia, Postcolonial Studies Association, and University English. Decolonising the Discipline. Google Site, 2020.

Foreman, P. Gabrielle, and Community Contributors. “Writing About Slavery/Teaching About Slavery: This Might Help.” Google Drive, 2020.

Gil, Alex, and Community Contributors. “Directory of Caribbean Digital Scholarship Data Sheet.” Google Drive, 2020.

Levi, Amalia S. “... A Thread (with Threads) and Maybe Some Ideas for #TeachingWithArchives.” Twitter, August 17, 2020.

———. “... #digitalarchives That *explicitly* Acknowledge & Caution Users Abt #archivalsilences in Their Contents, and Describe Their Work to Rectify Them. A Thread.” Twitter, April 1, 2020.

———. “Beyond Digitization: Decolonizing the Archival Record by Engaging the Community.” Humanities Commons, 2020.

Singh, Amardeep. Corpus of Colonial South Asian Literature. GitHub, 2020.

Switching the Lens - Rediscovering Londoners of African, Caribbean, Asian and Indigenous Heritage 1561 to 1840. London: London Metropolitan Archives, 2020.

Wisnicki, Adrian S., and Megan Ward, eds. Livingstone Online. New version, Second edition. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Libraries, 2017.

Site illustrations  top

Anonymous. “Andries Botha.” Drawing, 1850s. Morrison Collection, M1056. National Archives of South Africa, Cape Town.

———. “Jacob Wainwright with David Livingstone’s Coffin and Some of Livingstone’s Travelling Trunks on Board the Ship ‘Malwa,’ 1874; Inscription from David Livingstone’s Tombstone in Westminster Abbey; David Livingstone’s Funeral at Westminster Abbey, 1874.” Magic lantern slide, c.1900. Library, LIB G/3, t0338. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

———. “Semane Khama, Tshekedi Khama, and Councillors at Tiger Kloof.” Photograph, 1933. CWM/LMS/Home/Missionary Portraits/Box 12/File 34. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Erhardt, Jacob, Johann Rebmann, Augustus Petermann, C. Hellfarth, and Unnamed Arab and African Informants. “Sizze Einer Karte Eines Theils von Ost u. Central Afrika Mit Angabe Der Wahrscheinlichen Lage u. Ausdehnung Des See’s von Uniamesi Nebs Bezeichnung Der Crenzen u. Wohnsitze Der Verschiedenen Völker Sowie Der Caravanen Strassen Nach Dem Innern.” Mittheilungen Aus Justus Perthes’ Geographischer Anstalt Über Wichtige Neue Erforschungen Auf Dem Gesammtgebiete Der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann 2 (1856): plate 1.

Livingstone, Charles. “Photographic Scene in an African Village.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1857–1865. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, and Informants from Zanzibar. “Notebook III.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1871. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, Kirk, John, and Two Unknown Writers. “Fragment of 1871 Field Diary.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1871. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, John Hanning Speke, Alexander Keith Johnston, Said Bin Habib, and Unnamed Arab and African Informants. “Annotations on Map from John H. Speke, Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863).” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition., verso. 1869–1873. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Maryland Libraries, 2020.

McKay, Claude. “Frontispiece Inscribed to Arthur Schomburg and Title Page.” In Songs of Jamaica, frontispiece, title page. Early twentieth century. Reprint, Kingston; London: Aston W. Gardner & Co.; Jamaica Agency, 1912.

Poulett, Weatherly, and Jacob Wainwright. “Dr. Livingstone, May 4 1873; Inscription Carved by African Youths on the Tree in Central Africa at the Foot of Which Livingstone’s Heart Was Buried.” Photograph, c.1895-1896. No. 561464i. Wellcome Library, London.

R. Allen & Sons. “Agnes and Thomas Livingstone (Daughter and Son of David Livingstone), Abdullah Susi, James Chuma, and Rev. Horace Waller at Newstead Abbey, Nottingham, Discussing the Journals, Maps, and Plans Made by the Late David Livingstone.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1874. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Room, Henry, and Richard Woodman. “The African Witness: Jan Tzatzoe, Andries Stoffles, The Revd Dr Philip & Revd Messrs Read, Senr & Junr.” Line and stipple engraving, 1844. CWM/LMS/Home/Missionary Portraits/Box 8/Tzatzoe. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Wisnicki, Adrian S. “One More Voice Home Page Displayed on IPhone 4s.” Photograph, 2020. One More Voice Archives, Lincoln, NE.

———. “XML Code for One More Voice Transcription File.” Photograph, 2020. One More Voice Archives, Lincoln, NE.