Hand-drawn annotated map of Central Africa showing lakes and rivers; includes text “Note Bin Habib.”

Bibliography

  • Author: Adrian S. Wisnicki (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
  • Editors: Heather F. Ball (St. John's University)
    Caitlin Matheis (University of Nebraska-Lincoln)
    Jared McDonald (University of the Free State)
    Mary Borgo Ton (University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign)
  • Date (publication and updates): 2020-22
  1. Overview
  2. Original Works
  3. Works of Folklore
  4. Historical Sources
  5. Studies of Individuals and Groups
  6. Critical and Theoretical Studies
  7. Digital Projects and Archives
  8. Site Illustrations
  9. Page Citation
  10. Lead Image Details

Overview

This bibliography compiles a variety of primary and secondary works related to One More Voice. In keeping with project practices, the bibliography does not seek to be comprehensive, but rather presents various sources encountered during the development of the project that may be useful to users. The core of the bibliography reflects the origins of One More Voice as a sibling project of Livingstone Online, which centers of Victorian-era British exploration in Africa. The bibliography divides into the following subsections:

  • Original works generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. The individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice serve as either authors of or contributors to such works.
  • Works of folklore generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. These works are rarely “authored” by the individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice and should be approached with exceptional critical caution. Nonetheless, the works together serve as an important, if highly mediated, repository of relevant voices.
  • Historical sources generally date to the nineteenth century and encompass both manuscript and print sources. These sources provide historical context for the individuals and groups whose work is published and/or documented by One More Voice.
  • Studies of individuals and groups are modern critical works that focus on the individuals and groups taken up by One More Voice.
  • Critical and theoretical studies engage broad and/or abstract questions relevant to the development of One More Voice.
  • Digital projects and archives are initiatives whose objectives and methodologies bear affinity to those of One More Voice. This subsection also include secondary works that center on digital projects and archives.
  • Site illustrations comprise images used to illustrate the One More Voice project site.

The bibliography continues to evolve as the project evolves. To suggest additional sources, please email us. Users with an interest in travel and exploration may also want to consult Livingstone Online’s general, but more wide-ranging bibliography.

Original Works

See Recovered Texts, Visual Materials, Book-Length Works, and Thematic Initiatives for additional original works. Original works listed on those pages are in general not duplicated here.

Archival texts (manuscript and periodical)

  • Aga, Selim. “A Trip Up the Congo or Zaire River.” The Geographical Magazine, July 1, 1875, 203–07.
  • Aga, Selim. Letter to Roderick J. Murchison. 3 October 1860. Unpublished manuscript, October 3, 1860. RGS Corr. Block 4 1851-60. Royal Commonwealth Society, London.
  • Aga, Selim. “My Parentage and Early Career as a Slave.” The Geographical Magazine 1 (1874): 63–69, 120.
  • Bontinck, François. “Encore Sur Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright: Corrigenda.” Africa: Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 33, no. 4 (December 1978): 603–04.
  • Bontinck, François. “Le Diaire de Jacob Wainwright.” Africa: Rivista Trimestrale Di Studi e Documentazione Dell’Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente 32, no. 3 (September 1977): 399–434.
  • Dualla, Mahomed. Letter to Unknown. Unpublished manuscript. Aden, October 30, 1884. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 3176. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Farar, Carras, and Matthew Wellington. “David Livingstone: Two Accounts of His Death and Transportation of His Body to the Coast [Comprising] Carras Farar’s Story of the Finding of Dr. Livingstone in Central Africa [and] Account of the Life of Matthew Wellington in His Own Words, and the Death of David Livingstone and the Journey to the Coast.” Zambia Journal 6 (1965): 95–102.
  • Gray, John M., ed. “The Correspondence of Dallington Maftaa.” Uganda Journal 30, part 1 (1966): 13–24.
  • Hemedi bin Abdallah el Buhriy. “Utenzi Wa Vita Vya Wadachi Kutamalaki Mrima, 1307 A.H.” [The German Conquest of the Swahili Coast, 1891 A.D.] Translated by J.W.T. Allen. Supplement to the East African Swahili Journal 25 (June 1955): 1–80.
  • Hendrickze, Hendrick. Letter to John Philip. Unpublished manuscript, April 18, 1843. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 19/1/D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
  • Heshmy, Selim. Letter to Unknown. Unpublished manuscript. Jerusalem, October 30, 1873. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 2841. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Heshmy, Selim. Receipt for Henry M. Stanley. Unpublished manuscript. Steamer Mei-Kong, July 18, 1872. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 4895. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Kok, Adam. Letter to James Read. Unpublished manuscript, April 1843. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 19/1/D. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
  • Marston, Arthur, and Kalulu. Letter to Robert Marston. 5 December 1873. Unpublished manuscript. Holbroke School, New Wandsworth, December 5, 1873. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 4560. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Moshoeshoe, Nehemiah Sekhonyana. “A Little Light from Basutoland.” Cape Monthly Magazine, 3rd series, II, no. 10 (April 1880): 221–33.
  • Moshoeshoe, Nehemiah Sekhonyana. “A Little Light from Basutoland.” Cape Monthly Magazine, 3rd series, II, no. 11 (May 1880): 280–92.
  • Read, James, Jr. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society.” Unpublished manuscript, 1838. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 16A/2/C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
  • Moshoeshoe, Nehemiah Sekhonyana. “Report to the Directors of the London Missionary Society.” Unpublished manuscript, 1842. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 18B/5/C. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.
  • Saleh Bin Osman. Letter to Henry M. Stanley. Unpublished manuscript. Zanzibar, June 15, 1891. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 3775. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Saleh Bin Osman. Letter to Henry M. Stanley. Unpublished manuscript. Mombasa, East Africa, December 12, 1891. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 3800. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Stanley, Henry M., Selim Heshmy, and Jacob Heshmy. Agreement. Unpublished manuscript, January 20, 1870. Henry M. Stanley Archives, 4734. Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren.
  • Tippu Tip. “Autobiographie Des Arabers Schech Hamed Bin Muhammed Le Murjebi, Gennant Tippu Tip.” Edited and translated by Heinrich Brode. Mittheilungen Des Seminars Für Orientalische Sprachen an Der Königlichen Friedrich Wilhelms-Universität Zu Berlin 5, no. 3 (1902): 175–277.
  • Tippu Tip. “Autobiographie Des Arabers Schech Hamed Bin Muhammed Le Murjebi, Gennant Tippu Tip.” Edited and translated by Heinrich Brode. Mittheilungen Des Seminars Für Orientalische Sprachen an Der Königlichen Friedrich Wilhelms-Universität Zu Berlin 6, no. 3 (1903): 1–55.
  • Tippu Tip. “Maisha Ya Hamed Bin Muhammed El Murjebi Yaani Tippu Tip: Kwa Maneno Yake Mwenyewe.” [The Autobiography of Hamed Bin Muhammed El Murjebi Called Tippu Tip: As Told by Himself.] Translated by W.H. Whiteley. Supplement to the East African Swahili Committee Journals 28–29 (1958-59): 1–141.
  • Wainwright, Jacob. “Speech Of Jacob Wainwright At Church Missionary Meeting.” Unpublished manuscript, 1872. Papers of the Gell Family of Hopton: Lenton and Related Papers, 25 March 1872–17 June 1874. Derby Record Office, Derbyshire.
  • Waller, Horace, James Chuma, and Abdullah Susi. “Notes from Chuma and Susi on Livingstone’s Last Journey.” Unpublished manuscript, 1874. MSS. Afr. s. 16 / 4-5, no. 24. Bodleian Library, Oxford.

Published books and book chapters

Works of Folklore

Archival texts (manuscript and periodical)

  • Kaye, William Kekale. [Collection of Xhosa Legends]. Unpublished manuscript, N.d. Grey Collection, No. 172C. National Library of South Africa, Cape Town.
  • Unnamed African Informants (South African, Malagasy, Otyihereró, Zulu, and Temne), and W.H.I. Bleek. “African Folk Lore. I.” Edited and translated by W.H.I. Bleek, Theophilus Shepstone, John Sanderson, J. Rath, James Cameron, Canon Callaway, and C.F. Schlenker. Cape Monthly Magazine 1 (September 1, 1870): 168–82.
  • Unnamed Hova Informants, and W.H.I. Bleek. “African Folk-Lore. II. A Madagascar Tale.” Edited and translated by James Cameron. Cape Monthly Magazine, December 1, 1871, 334–44.
  • Unnamed Malagasy Informants, and L. “African Folk-Lore. Three Madagascar Tales.” Edited by Lars Nilsen Dahle. Translated by Mary Cameron. Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 96 (April 1, 1878): 252–54.
  • Unnamed Malagasy Informants, and James Richardson. “The Folk-Lore of Madagascar.” Edited and translated by Lars Nilsen Dahle and C.F. Moss. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine 3 (Christmas 1877): 102–15.
  • Unnamed Sakalava Informants, and James Richardson. “More Folk-Lore.” Edited by W.C. Pickersgill. Translated by James Richardson. The Antananarivo Annual and Madagascar Magazine 4 (Christmas 1878): 44–53. Alternate version.
  • Unnamed South African Informants. “A Bit of South-African Folk-Lore. A Kaffir Fairy Tale.” Edited and translated by Anonymous. Wesleyan Juvenile Offering: A Miscellany of Missionary Info, no. 12 (December 1, 1889): 228–29.
  • Unnamed Zulu Informants, and L. “African Folk-Lore. II. Contributions in Zulu.” Edited by Anonymous. Translated by William Ireland. Cape Monthly Magazine 16, no. 98 (June 1, 1878): 346–53.

Published books and book chapters

Site visitors are advised that the authorial information for the entries in this subsection is incomplete and that each text listed draws on the contributions, often extensive, of informants from around the globe.

Historical Sources

Selim Aga

  • Anonymous. “Entertainment to Dr. Morison.” Aberdeen Journal. October 28, 1840.
  • Anonymous. “Exhibitions: Panorama of the Nile.” The Lady’s Newspaper. January 4, 1851.
  • Anonymous. “Monthly Summary: Liberia.” Anti-Slavery Reporter. October 15, 1867.
  • Anonymous. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Times. March 7, 1876.
  • Anonymous. “[The Colony of Liberia].” The Illustrated Missionary News. July 1, 1876.
  • Anonymous. “The War in Liberia.” The Times. November 27, 1875.

Andries Botha

Semane Setlhoko Khama

  • Anonymous. “Chiefs’ Mothers: A Contrast.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, January 1932, 3–4.
  • Anonymous. “Khama’s Widow Works for Temperance.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, November 1931, 248.
  • F.H.G. “The Hill Top Where Young Africa Stands; Semane, Khama’s Widow at Work in Serowe.” The Chronicle of the London Missionary Society, January 1931, 15–16.

Khoisan Mission Residents (South Africa)

  • Barker, G. Letter to the Directors of the London Missionary Society. 6 October 1834. Unpublished manuscript, October 6, 1834. CWM/LMS, Incoming correspondence, 14A/2/B. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Hum Mukasa

  • Anonymous. “Opening of the Boys’ Primary School, Namirembe.” East African Standard, November 6, 1909.

Tippu Tip

Jacob Wainwright

  • Anonymous. “East African Slave Trade Meeting in York.” The York Herald, October 10, 1874.
  • Anonymous. “Jacob Wainright, Dr. Livingstone’s Bodyguard.” The Juvenile Missionary Magazine, January 1, 1875, 15–16.
  • Anonymous. “Jacob Wainright’s Home at Nasik.” The Church Missionary Gleaner, June 1, 1874, 67–68.
  • Lash, Augustus Henry. “‘In Mid Victorian Days’: Dips into the Diary of a Deputation by the Rev. A.H. Lash for the CMS.” Unpublished manuscript, 1874. Papers of Augustus Henry Lash. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
  • Price, Walter Saltley. “Jacob Wainwright. To the Editor of the Times.” The Times, April 22, 1874.
  • Price, Walter Saltley. “Notes on the East Africa Mission Given by Rev Price to Rev Lamb and Captain Russell.” Unpublished manuscript, 1876. Rev. Walter Saltley Price: Correspondence and Memoranda about the East Africa Mission. Cadbury Research Library, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
  • Price, Walter Saltley. “Pictures from East Africa.” Church Missionary Gleaner 4, no. 41 (May 1, 1877): 57–58.

Matthew Wellington

  • Anonymous. “A Last Link with Livingstone: Death of Matthew Wellington.” The Times, June 6, 1935.
  • Anonymous. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, May 6, 1929.
  • Anonymous. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, July 16, 1929.
  • Anonymous. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, April 3, 1930.
  • Copping, Arthur E. “Links with Livingstone.” The Times, June 15, 1935.
  • Rampley, William Joseph Wright. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, November 21, 1927.
  • Rampley, William Joseph Wright. “Matthew Wellington.” The Times, June 18, 1935.
  • Rampley, William Joseph Wright. Matthew Wellington: Sole Surviving Link With Dr. Livingstone. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1930.
  • Ross, W. “A Link with Livingstone.” The Times, July 18, 1929.

Studies of Individuals and Groups

Awaaz Magazine. “Bombay: Refuge for Slave Africans.” The East African, October 12, 2009.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: I. Robert Feruzi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 107 (August-September 1976): 411–24.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: II. Mbarak Bombay.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 110 (December 1976): 619–32.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: III. Uledi Pangani Alias Mwinyi Khamis.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 114 (April 1977): 223–42.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IV. Uledi Mwana Sera.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 118 (October 1977): 495–514.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: IX. Hamadi Le Guide.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 138 (October 1979): 489–505.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: V. Uledi Le Timonier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 120 (December 1977): 627–40.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VI. Mabruki Speke.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 122 (February 1978): 93–107.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VII. Ferrajji Le Cuisinier.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 128 (October 1978): 495–509.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: VIII. Mwinyi Pembe.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 132 (February 1979): 107–18.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: X. Chowpereh.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 140 (December 1979): 619–34.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XI. Khamisi Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 142 (February 1980): 101–16.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XII. Asmani et Mabruki Kisesa.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 144 (April 1980): 235–45.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIII. Majwara.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 146 (June/July/August 1980): 365–78.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XIV. Sarmini Kacheche.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 152 (February 1981): 101–21.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XV. Songoro Stanley.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 155 (May 1981): 317–27.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVI. Kamna, Kombo, Nubi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 158 (October 1981): 513–27.

Bontinck, François. “Voyageurs Africains En Afrique Équatoriale: XVII. David Abdallah Susi.” Zaïre-Afrique, no. 162 (February 1982): 99–118.

Davis, Joanne Ruth. Tiyo Soga: A Literary History. Pretoria: University of South Africa Press, 2018.

Decker, Michelle. “The ‘Autobiography’ of Tippu Tip.” Interventions: International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 17, no. 5 (2014): 744–58.

De Souza, Eunice. “Bombay Africans.” Mumbai Mirror, October 23, 2008.

Gray, John M. “Livingstone’s Muganda Servant.” Uganda Journal 13, no. 2 (September 1949): 119–29.

Jones, Lowri M. “Bombay Africans 1850–1910, Royal Geographical Society, 25 September - 29 November 2007.” History Workshop Journal 65, no. 1 (Spr 2008): 271–74.

Katjivena, Uazuvara. Mama Penee: Transcending the Genocide. Windhoek: University of Namibia Press, 2020.

Levine, Roger S. A Living Man from Africa: Jan Tzatoe, Xhosa Chief and Missionary, and the Making of Nineteenth Century South Africa. New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2011.

Livingstone, Justin D. “Dissenting Traditions and Missionary Imaginations: Novel Perspectives on the Twentieth Century.” In The Oxford History of Protestant Dissenting Traditions, edited by Mark P. Hutchinson, V:377–415. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018. Includes discussion of Bokwala.

McCarthy, James. Selim Aga: A Slave Odyssey. Edinburgh: Luath Press Limited, 2006.

McCarthy, James. “Selim Aga: New Light on His Life and His Explorations in West Africa.” The Journal of the Hakluyt Society, July 2007, [1-7].

Ross, Robert. These Oppressions Won’t Cease: An Anthology of the Political Thought of the Cape Khoesan, 1777-1879. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati Press, 2018.

Royal Geographical Society. “Bombay Africans.” Web, December 18, 2007–February 12, 2008.

Simpson, Donald. Dark Companions: The African Contribution to the European Exploration of East Africa. London: Paul Elek Ltd., 1976.

Special Collections, SOAS Library. “The Life and Afterlife of David Livingstone: The ‘Bombay Africans.’” Web, May 12, 2014.

Thomas, H.B. “Jacob Wainwright in Uganda.” Uganda Journal 15, no. 2 (September 1951): 204–5.

Thomas, H.B. “Mohammed Biri.” Uganda Journal 24, no. 2 (September 1960): 123–26.

Thomas, H.B. “Note: Livingstone’s Muganda Servant – A Postscript.” Uganda Journal 28, no. 1 (March 1964): 99–100.

Critical and Theoretical Studies

Altick, Richard. The Scholar Adventurers. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1950.

Atkin, Lara. Writing the South African San. Springer International Publishing, 2021.

Bindas, Ava. “What Victorians Can Learn from Venus.” NAVSA Conference 2022: Unsettling Archives, 2022.

Bassett, Thomas J. “Indigenous Mapmaking in Intertropical Africa.” In Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies, edited by David Woodward and G. Malcolm Lewis, 24–48. The History of Cartography, Vol. 2, Bk. 3. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.

Bridges, Roy C. “Explorers’ Texts and the Problem of Reactions by Non-Literate Peoples: Some Nineteenth-Century East African Examples.” Studies in Travel Writing 2, no. 1 (1998): 65–84.

Bridges, Roy C. “Nineteenth-Century East African Travel Records with an Appendix on ‘Armchair Geographers’ and Cartography.” Paideuma 33 (1987): 179–96.

Cagle, Lauren E., Michelle F. Eble, Laura Gonzales, Meredith A. Johnson, Nathan R. Johnson, Natasha N. Jones, Liz Lane, et al. “Anti-Racist Scholarly Reviewing Practices: A Heuristic for Editors, Reviewers, and Authors.” Google Drive, 2021.

Carpenter, Brian. “Finding Mrs. Mahone and Indigenous Experts in the Archives.” American Philosophical Society (blog), June 5, 2019.

Chatterjee, Ronjaunee, Alicia Mireles Christoff, and Amy R. Wong. “Undisciplining Victorian Studies.” Los Angeles Review of Books, July 10, 2020.

Codell, Julie, ed. Imperial Co-Histories: National Identities and the British and Colonial Press. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003.

Codell, Julie. “Islam, Women, and Imperial Administration.” In Encounters in the Victorian Press, edited by Laurel Brake and Julie Codell, 195–212. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Codell, Julie. “The Empire Writes Back: Native Informant Discourse in the Victorian Press.” In Imperial Co-Histories: National Identities and the British and Colonial Press, edited by Julie Codell, 188–218. Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 2003.

Dabydeen, David, John Gilmore, and Cecily Jones, eds. The Oxford Companion to Black British History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Das, Riya. “Transgressing with Rediscovery: The ‘Forgotten No More’ Essay.” Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies 17, no. 1 (Spring 2021).

Driver, Felix. “Exploration as Knowledge Transfer: Exhibiting Hidden Histories.” In Mobilities of Knowledge, edited by Heike Jöns, Peter Meusburger, and Michael Heffernan. n.p.: Springer International Publishing, 2017.

Driver, Felix. “Hidden Histories Made Visible? Reflections on a Geographical Exhibition.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 38, no. 3 (2013): 420–35.

Driver, Felix, and Lowri M. Jones. “Hidden Histories? Local Knowledge and Indigenous Agency in the History of Geographical Exploration” (PDF). Paper presented at the 14th International Conference of Historical Geographers, Kyoto, August 23, 2009.

Driver, Felix, and Lowri M. Jones. Hidden Histories of Exploration: Researching the RGS-IBG Collections. London: Royal Holloway, University of London, 2009.

Deuel, Leo. Testaments of Time: The Search for Lost Manuscripts and Records. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1965.

Earhart, Amy E. “Can Information Be Unfettered? Race and the New Digital Humanities Canon.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities, edited by Matthew K. Gold. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.

Fong, Ryan D. “Empire.” Victorian Literature and Culture 46, no. 3–4 (Fall/Winter 2018): 665–68.

Fong, Ryan D. “The Stories Outside the African Farm: Indigeneity, Orality, and Unsettling the Victorian.” Victorian Studies 62, no. 3 (Spring 2020): 421–32.

Foreman, P. Gabrielle, and Community Contributors. “Writing About Slavery/Teaching About Slavery: This Might Help.” Google Drive, 2020.

Gallon, Kim. “Making a Case for the Black Digital Humanities.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities 2016, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2016.

Gerzina, Gretchen H. Britain’s Black Past. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2020.

Gerzina, Gretchen H. Black Victorians, Black Victoriana. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2003.

Hartman, Saidiya V. “Venus in Two Acts.” Small Axe 12, no. 2 (June 2008): 1–14.

Hensley, Nathan K. “The Norton Anthology of English Literature, 10th Edition: Volume E, The Victorian Age. Reader’s Comments.” Nathan K. Hensley: Blog, July 21, 2020.

Hessell, Nikki. Sensitive Negotiations: Indigenous Diplomacy and British Romantic Poetry. Buffalo: SUNY Press, 2022.

Hill, Christina Gish. Webs of Kinship: Family in Northern Cheyenne Nationhood. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 2017.

Hofmeyr, Isabel, and Charne Lavery. “Exploring the Indian Ocean as a Rich Archive of History – Above and Below the Water Line.” The Conversation, June 7, 2020.

Jackson, Lauren Michele. “What Is an Anti-Racist Reading List For?Vulture, June 4, 2020.

Jones, Arun W., ed. Christian Interculture: Texts and Voices from Colonial and Postcolonial Worlds. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 2021.

Justice, Daniel Heath. Why Indigenous Literatures Matter. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2018.

Kingdon, Zachary. Ethnographic Collecting and African Agency in Early Colonial West Africa. New York: Bloomsbury, 2019.

Noble, Safiya Umoja. “Toward a Critical Black Digital Humanities.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities 2019, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2019.

Nowviskie, Bethany. “Capacity through Care.” In Debates in the Digital Humanities 2019, edited by Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2019.

Rice, Tom. Films for the Colonies: Cinema and the Preservation of the British Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2019.

Risam, Roopika. New Digital Worlds: Postcolonial Digital Humanities in Theory, Praxis, and Pedagogy. Chicago: Northwestern University Press, 2019.

Royal Geographical Society (with IBG), and Lowri M. Jones. “Hidden Histories of Exploration.” Web, 2009.

Sangwand, T-Kay. “Preservation Is Political: Enacting Contributive Justice and Decolonising Transnational Archival Collaborations.” KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies 2, no. 1 (2018): 10.

Simpson, Leanne Betasamosake. As We Have Always Done: Indigenous Freedom Through Radical Resistance. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2017.

Smith, Linda Tuhiwai. Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples. 2nd ed. London: Zed Books, 2012.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Can the Subaltern Speak?” In Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by Cary Nelson and Lawrence Grossberg, 271–313. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Can the Subaltern Speak? Speculations on Widow-Sacrifice.” Wedge 7–8, no. Winter-Spring (1985): 120–30.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Subaltern Studies: Deconstructing Historiography.” In The Spivak Reader, edited by Donna Landry and Gerald Maclean, 203–35. London: Routledge, 1996.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “The Rani of Sirmur: An Essay in Reading the Archives.” History and Theory 24, no. 3 (1987): 247–72.

Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. “Three Women’s Texts and a Critique of Imperialism.” Critical Inquiry 12, no. 1 (1985): 243–61.

Tallie, T.J. Queering Colonial Natal: Indigeneity and the Violence of Belonging in Southern Africa. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2019.

Wisnicki, Adrian S. Fieldwork of Empire, 1840–1900: Intercultural Dynamics in the Production of British Expeditionary Literature. New York; Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2019.

Digital Projects and Archives

Aljoe, Nicole, and Elizabeth Maddock Dillon. Early Caribbean Digital Archive. Boston: Northeastern University, 2017.

Bristol Archives, and Bristol Museum & Art Gallery. British Empire & Commonwealth Collection. Bristol, UK: Bristol Archives, 2020.

Chaozon Bauer, Pearl, Ryan D. Fong, Sophia Hsu, and Wisnicki, Adrian S., eds. Undisciplining the Victorian Classroom. First edition. GitHub, 2020.

Colored Conventions Project, and Community Contributors. “Black Digital Humanities Projects & Resources.” Google Drive, 2017.

Community Contributors. “Digital Archives; Digitized Collections; DH Projects That Explicitly Acknowledge and Discuss Archival Silences in Their Content.” Google Drive, 2020.

Craig, Lydia. “An Overview of Digital Resources for the Study of Victorian Fiction.” Dickens Studies Annual 53, no. 1 (2022).

Digital Library of the Caribbean. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, 2011.

English Association, Institute of English Studies, University of East Anglia, Postcolonial Studies Association, and University English. Decolonising the Discipline. Google Site, 2020.

Gil, Alex, and Community Contributors. “Directory of Caribbean Digital Scholarship Data Sheet.” Google Drive, 2020.

Hill, Christina Gish, and Csoba DeHaas. “Digital Representation of Indigenous Peoples through Sharing, Collaboration, and Negotiation: An Introduction.” Museum Anthropology Review 12, no. 2 (2018).

Levi, Amalia S. “... A Thread (with Threads) and Maybe Some Ideas for #TeachingWithArchives.” Twitter, August 17, 2020.

Levi, Amalia S. “... #digitalarchives That *explicitly* Acknowledge & Caution Users Abt #archivalsilences in Their Contents, and Describe Their Work to Rectify Them. A Thread.” Twitter, April 1, 2020.

Levi, Amalia S. “Beyond Digitization: Decolonizing the Archival Record by Engaging the Community.” Humanities Commons, 2020.

Rice, Tom. Films for the Colonies. University of St Andrews: Magazino and Wordpress, 2020.

Risam, Roopika, micha cárdenas, Jeremy Boggs, Ashley Byock, Vinamarata Kaur, Joan Lubin, Emily Sessions, Danica Savonick, and Sveta Stoytcheva. Social Justice and the Digital Humanities. 2015. Reprint, N.p.: N.p., 2020.

Singh, Amardeep. Corpus of Colonial South Asian Literature. GitHub, 2020.

Vokes, Richard. “History in Progress Uganda, Part 1: The Ham Mukasa Archive (EAP656).” In Endangered Archives Programme. London: British Library, 2013-14.

Wahu-Mũchiri, Ng’ang’a. Ardhi Initiative: An Africana Digital Humanities Project Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Wisnicki, Adrian S., and Megan Ward, eds. Livingstone Online. New version, second edition. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Libraries, 2017.

Site Illustrations

A. Duperly & Sons. “Three Boys Among the Trees by a Waterfall.” Photograph. Jamaica, c.1890-1900. TM-60062260. Nationaal Museum van Wereldculturen, Netherlands.

Anonymous. “Andries Botha.” Drawing, 1850s. Morrison Collection, M1056. National Archives of South Africa, Cape Town.

Anonymous. “‘Church Under the Oaks, Lovedale.’” Photograph. Lovedale, South Africa, c.1938. International Mission Photography Archive, ca.1860-ca.1960, Acc.7548/F/35. University of Southern California. Libraries.

Anonymous. “Frederick Douglass in His Cedar Hill Library.” Photograph. Cedar Hill, Washington, D.C., 1893. 302B5493-1DD8-B71C-07700EA78D7CF7A3. U.S. National Park Service, United States.

Anonymous. “Group of Workmen (Including William Ivens Craft) with Two Horse-Drawn Carts.” Photograph, [Late nineteenth-century]. Personal image collection of Martin Copeland.

Anonymous. “Improved Phantasmagoria Lantern.” Magic lantern, c.1852. Historical object, in the care of Mary Borgo Ton.

Anonymous. “Jacob Wainwright with David Livingstone’s Coffin and Some of Livingstone’s Travelling Trunks on Board the Ship ‘Malwa,’ 1874; Inscription from David Livingstone’s Tombstone in Westminster Abbey; David Livingstone’s Funeral at Westminster Abbey, 1874.” Magic lantern slide, c.1900. Library, LIB G/3, t0338. David Livingstone Centre, Blantyre.

Anonymous. “Jan Tzatzoe (Tshatshu).” Engraving, [late nineteenth century]. CWM/LMS/Home/Missionary Portraits/Box 8. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Anonymous. “Semane Khama, Tshekedi Khama, and Councillors at Tiger Kloof.” Photograph, 1933. CWM/LMS/Home/Missionary Portraits/Box 12/File 34. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Anonymous. “Send Back the Money!!!” Lithograph, 1846. Digital Commonwealth: Massachusetts Collections Online (Boston Public Library. Arts Department).

Anonymous. “The Christian Mother’s Resolution.” Missionary Magazine and Chronicle 13, no. 153 (February 1849): 1.

Anonymous Artist from Rarotonga. “Cloak.” Wool (hibiscus bast fibre, wool). Cook Islands, circa 1870. Te Papa (FE000628). Museum of New Zealand | Te Papa Tongarewa.

Anonymous Kongo Artist. “Container.” Rattan, wood, and twine, 1700-1899. 2003.13. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago.

Anonymous Mende Artist. “Blanket.” Cotton, indigo dye, kola nut dye, [early twentieth century]. EJ10408. Smithsonian Institution. National Museum of African Art, Washington, D.C.

C.S. Hammond & Co. Inc. “Map of Ethiopia and Adjoining Territories [Inset Map].” Printed Map, 1935. 351 A-[1935]. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries. American Geographical Society Library, Milwaukee, WI.

Davis, Joanne Ruth. “Volumes of the Juvenile Missionary Annual (1870) and Juvenile Missionary Magazine (1874) from the Special Collections of SOAS Library.” Photograph. London, 2021 [1870; 1874]. CWML G455. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Erhardt, Jacob, Johann Rebmann, Augustus Petermann, C. Hellfarth, and Unnamed Arab and African Informants. “Sizze Einer Karte Eines Theils von Ost u. Central Afrika Mit Angabe Der Wahrscheinlichen Lage u. Ausdehnung Des See’s von Uniamesi Nebs Bezeichnung Der Crenzen u. Wohnsitze Der Verschiedenen Völker Sowie Der Caravanen Strassen Nach Dem Innern.” Mittheilungen Aus Justus Perthes’ Geographischer Anstalt Über Wichtige Neue Erforschungen Auf Dem Gesammtgebiete Der Geographie von Dr. A. Petermann 2 (1856): plate 1.

Green, Jonathan Adagogo. “[Forest Scene].” Photograph. Nigeria, [1895-1905]. Af,A46.89. British Museum, London.

Jenkins, Joseph John, and John Wesley Jarvis. “Andries Stoffels.” Engraving, c.1810. Casgliad y Werin Cymru | People’s Collection Wales.

Koho, Hiroshima. “Night View of Ohashi Bridge.” Woodcut, c.1900-1915. 1963.30.5317. Fine Arts Musem of San Francisco, San Francisco.

Koho, Shoda. “Lake Biwa.” Woodcut, [Between 1900 and 1920]. FP 2 - JPD, no. 1571 (B size) [P&P]. Library of Congress. Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C.

Livingstone, Charles. “Photographic Scene in an African Village.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1857–1865. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, and Informants from Zanzibar. “Notebook III.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1871. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, Kirk, John, and Two Unknown Writers. “Fragment of 1871 Field Diary.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1871. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Livingstone, David, John Hanning Speke, Alexander Keith Johnston, Said Bin Habib, and Unnamed Arab and African Informants. “Annotations on Map from John H. Speke, Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863).” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition., verso. 1869–1873. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Maryland Libraries, 2020.

Matheis, Caitlin. “Religion Frequency Chart 1.” Visualization (Voyant Screenshot), 2021.

McKay, Claude. “Frontispiece Inscribed to Arthur Schomburg and Title Page.” In Songs of Jamaica, frontispiece, title page. Early twentieth century. Reprint, Kingston; London: Aston W. Gardner & Co.; Jamaica Agency, 1912.

Poulett, Weatherly, and Jacob Wainwright. “Dr. Livingstone, May 4 1873; Inscription Carved by African Youths on the Tree in Central Africa at the Foot of Which Livingstone’s Heart Was Buried.” Photograph, c.1895-1896. No. 561464i. Wellcome Library, London.

R. Allen & Sons. “Agnes and Thomas Livingstone (Daughter and Son of David Livingstone), Abdullah Susi, James Chuma, and Rev. Horace Waller at Newstead Abbey, Nottingham, Discussing the Journals, Maps, and Plans Made by the Late David Livingstone.” In Livingstone Online, edited by Adrian S. Wisnicki and Megan Ward, New version, Second edition. 1874. Reprint, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 2020.

Room, Henry, and Richard Woodman. “The African Witness: Jan Tzatzoe, Andries Stoffles, The Revd Dr Philip & Revd Messrs Read, Senr & Junr.” Line and stipple engraving, 1844. CWM/LMS/Home/Missionary Portraits/Box 8/Tzatzoe. University of London. School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Wisnicki, Adrian S. “One More Voice HTML Code.” Photograph, 2022. One More Voice Archives, Lincoln, NE.

Wookey, A.J. “Kgosi Sechele Le MmaKgari.” In Diñwaò Leha e Le Dipolèlò Kaga Dicò Tsa Secwana [History of the Bechuana], frontispiece. Vryburg, Cape Colony: The South African District Committee of the London Missionary Society at the Book Room Tiger Kloof Native Institution, 1913.