“Treaties Between Great Britain and Ethiopia, and Between Great Britain, Italy, and Ethiopia, Relative to the Frontiers Between the Soudan, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. Signed at Adis Ababa, May 15, 1902”

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Abyssinia.


Treaties between Great Britain and Ethiopia, and between Great Britain, Italy, and Ethiopia, relative to the Frontiers between the Soudan, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. Signed at Adis Ababa, May 15, 1902. *


[Ratifications delivered at Adis Ababa, October 28, 1902.]


His Majesty Edward VII, by the Grace of God, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, and His Majesty Menelek II, by the Grace of God, King of Kings of Ethiopia, being animated with the desire to confirm the friendly relations between the two Powers, and to settle the frontier between the Soudan and Ethiopia, and His Majesty King Edward, having appointed as his Plenipotentiary Lieutenant-Colonel John Lane Harrington, a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, His Majesty's Agent at the Court of His Majesty Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, whose full powers have been found in due and proper form, and His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, negotiating in his own name as King of Kings of Ethiopia, they have agreed upon and do conclude the following Articles, which shall be binding on themselves, their heirs, and successors:—

Art. I. The frontier between the Soudan and Ethiopia agreed on between the two Governments shall be: the line which is marked in red on the map annexed to this Treaty in duplicate, and traced from Khor Um Hagar to Gallabat, to the Blue Nile, Baro, Pibor, and Akobo Rivers to Melile, thence to the intersection of the 6th degree of north latitude with the 35th degree longitude east of Greenwich.

II. The boundary, as defined in Article I, shall be delimited and marked on the ground by a Joint Boundary Commission, which shall be nominated by the two High Contracting Parties, who shall notify the same to their subjects after delimitation.

III. His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, engages himself towards the Government of His Britannic Majesty not to construct, or allow to be constructed,
* Signed also in the text.     Vol. XXIII. B         0002 2 Abyssinia any work across the Blue Nile, Lake Tsana, or the Sobat which would arrest the flow of their waters into the Nile except in agreement with His Britannic Majesty's Government and the Government of the Soudan.

IV. His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, King of Kings of Ethiopia, engages himself to allow His Britannic Majesty's Government and the Government of the Soudan to select in the neighbourhood of Itang, on the Baro River, a block of territory having a river frontage of not more than 2,000 metres, in area not exceeding 400 hectares, which shall be leased to the Government of the Soudan, to be administered and occupied as a commercial station, so long as the Soudan is under the Anglo-Egyptian Government. It is agreed between the two High Contracting Parties that the territory so leased shall not be used for any political or military purpose.

V. His Majesty the Emperor Menelek, King of Kings of Ethiopia, grants His Britannic Majesty's Government and the Government of the Soudan the right to construct a railway through Abyssinian territory to connect the Soudan with Uganda.

A route for the railway will be selected by mutual agreement between the two High Contracting Parties.

The present Treaty shall come into force as soon as its ratification by His Britannic Majesty shall have been notified to the Emperor of Ethiopia.

In faith of which His Majesty Menelek II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, in his own name, and Lieutenant-Colonel John Lane Harrington, on behalf of His Majesty King Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, have signed the present Treaty, in duplicate, written in the English and Amharic languages, identically, both texts being official, and have thereto affixed their seals.

Done at Adis Ababa, the 15th day of May, 1902.

              (L.S.) John Lane Harrington, Lieutenant-Colonel.


              (Seal of His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II.)


Note.*


Annex to the Treaty of July 10, 1900, regarding the frontier between Ethiopia and Eritrea, and the Treaty of May 15, 1902, regarding the frontier between the Soudan and Ethiopia.

His Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia, Menelek II, Major Ciccodicola, Italian Minister in Ethiopia, and Lieutenant-Colonel * Signed also in Italian. 0003 Abyssinia 3 Harrington, His Britannic Majesty's Agent in Ethiopia, have mutually agreed that:

Art. I. The frontier Treaty between Ethiopia and Eritrea, previously determined by the line Tomat-Todluc, is mutually modified in the following manner:—

Commencing from the junction of the Khor Um Hagar with the Setit, the new frontier follows this river to its junction with the Maieteb, following the latter's course so as to leave Mount Ala Tacura to Eritrea, and joins the Mareb at its junction with the Mai Ambessa.

The line from the junction of the Setit and Maieteb to the junction of the Mareb and Mai Ambessa shall be delimited by Italian and Ethiopian delegates, so that the Canama tribe belong to Eritrea.

II. The frontier between the Soudan and Eritrea, instead of that delimited by the English and Italian delegates by the Convention of 16th April, 1901, shall be the line which, from Sabderat, is traced viâ Abu Jamal to the junction of the Khor Um Hagar with the Setit.

The present Agreement shall come into force as soon as its ratification by the British and Italian Governments shall have been notified to the Emperor of Ethiopia.

In faith of which His Majesty the Emperor of Ethiopia, Menelek II, in his own name and that of his successors; Major Ciccodicola, in the name of His Majesty Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy, and his successors; and Lieutenant-Colonel Harrington, in the name of His Majesty Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, and his successors, have signed the present Note in triplicate, written in the Italian, English, and Amharic languages identically, all texts being official, and have thereto affixed their seals.

Done at Adis Ababa, this 15th day of May, 1902.

              (L.S.) John Lane Harrington, Lieutenant-Colonel.

              (L.S.) Maggiore Federico Ciccodicola.


              (Seal of His Majesty the Emperor Menelek II.)







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Item Details

Author(s) & contributor(s): Edward VII; Menelik II; John Lane Harrington; Federico Ciccodicola; Victor Emmanuel III

Date(s): 15 May 1902; 28 October 1902; 1905

Form & transmission history: Treaty drafted with British and Italian representatives and signed in Ethiopia, as edited by two British individuals and published in a book by a British publisher.

Original publication details: In A Complete Collection of the Treaties and Conventions, and Reciprocal Regulations at Present Subsisting Between Great Britain and Foreign Powers, 23:1-3. Edited by Augustus H. Oakes; Richard W. Brant. London: Printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office by Harrison and Sons, 1905.

Digital edition & date: One More Voice, 2021

Critical editing & encoding: Phillip H. Howells, Adrian S. Wisnicki

Rights: Original critically-edited text copyright Ardhi Initiative. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported. Revised critically-edited text copyright One More Voice. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International.

Cite this digital edition (MLA): Edward VII; Menelik II; John Lane Harrington; Federico Ciccodicola; Victor Emmanuel III. “‘Treaties Between Great Britain and Ethiopia, and Between Great Britain, Italy, and Ethiopia, Relative to the Frontiers Between the Soudan, Ethiopia, and Eritrea. Signed at Adis Ababa, May 15, 1902’” (15 May 1902; 28 October 1902; 1905). Phillip H. Howells, Adrian S. Wisnicki, eds. One More Voice, new dawn edition, 2021, https://onemorevoice.org/html/transcriptions/liv_020056_TEI.html.

Explore complete/original item: Google Books; Ardhi Initiative

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